We’re all conversant in the dangerous properties of weeds, however there are various such weeds which play an essential position in human vitamin. Such weeds are utilized in vegetable type by rural and forest dwellers corresponding to Portulaca oleracea, Chenopodium album, Amaranthus cruentatus, Amaranthus viridis, Corchorus oleitorius, Digera arvensis, Amaranthus spinosus and so on.
It is usually often known as Purslane in English and kulfa, nonia in india.
It is a vital plant that happens naturally as a weed in discipline crops and lawns. Purslane is broadly distributed all over the world. This plant incorporates mucilaginous substances which can be of medicinal worth. Portulaca plant is usually seen in gardens, plains and roadsides. Its stalk and leaves are each used for meals. It incorporates the properties of nutritional vitamins, minerals, iron, antioxidants and fiber, that are thought of very helpful for well being. Iron deficiency might be overcome by consuming Purslane greens. Bones and tooth might be made wholesome and robust by together with Purslane greens within the food plan. Purslane greens are wealthy in vitamins like calcium, iron, magnesium which might assist in making bones robust in winters. It’s anti-inflammatory and is wealthy in omega 3 fatty acids, alpha-tocopherol, ascorbic acid, beta-carotene and glutathione. Leafy inexperienced could be very helpful for well being as in comparison with spinach. It’s a wealthy supply of potassium 494 mg/100g, magnesium 68mg/100g and calcium 65 mg/100g and has the potential to be utilized as a vegetable supply of omega 3 fatty acids. It is a wonderful supply of alpha-linolenic acid and gamma-linolenic acid 4 mg/g contemporary weight of any leafy inexperienced vegetable. It incorporates alpha-tocopherol and ascorbic acid at 26.6 mg and 506 mg per 100 g. The oxalate content material of purslane leaves was reported as 671-869 mg/100 g contemporary weight. The antioxidant content material and dietary worth of purslane are essential for human consumption. It has been reported to have super dietary potential and In future it may be used as salad, soups, or stews.
It is usually often known as Lambs quareter in English and Bathua in india.
The plant is used within the food plan not solely to supply minerals, fiber, nutritional vitamins and important fatty acids but additionally to reinforce the sensory and practical worth of the meals. The plant has historically been used as a blood air purifier, diuretic, sedative, hepatoprotective, antiscorbutic laxative, and as an anthelmintic in opposition to roundworms and hookworms. It is usually antipruritic and antinociceptive. Chenopodium album is thought by a number of frequent names corresponding to white swan, pigweed, and bathua. This leafy vegetable is definitely a weed that grows in wastelands and alongside different cultivated crops. It happens in all tropical areas of the world. Man has been consuming its leaves and seeds since time immemorial. In India, the leaves are eaten as a leafy vegetable and like every other greens, it’s cooked like curd, bathua raita and bathua paratha. The leaves are boiled and eaten. Bathua leaves raita and paratha are additionally scrumptious. Water 84 grams, power 44 kcal, carbohydrate 7 grams, fats 0.8 grams, protein 4.3 grams, fiber 2.1 grams, iron 4 grams, calcium 280 milligrams, phosphorus 81 milligrams, vitamin A 11, per hundred grams of edible bathua leaves. 300 IU, Thiamine 0.15 mg, Riboflavin 0.4 mg, Niacin 1.3 mg and Vitamin C approx 90 mg.
It is usually often known as false amaranth in English and lahsuwa in india particularly in hindi.
Digera is an annual herbaceous plant belonging to the household Amaranthaceae. Use of inexperienced leafy greens is really useful to handle the underlying micronutrient deficiencies. It often begins rising particularly after rain. This plant is a storehouse of essential minerals and is an effective supply of proteins, nutritional vitamins, beta-carotene, amino acids and numerous phenolics. It has been used domestically for hundreds of years in lots of cooking traditions. The leaves and younger twigs utilized by cooking as a vegetable are widespread in japanese tropical Africa and subtropical Asia. It’s thought of an edible inexperienced leafy plant. This plant is a wealthy supply of calcium, iron. It’s 20 cm to 70 cm in dimension, the edible half is 56%, the ash worth is 3.54%, the moisture is 83.8%, and the protein content material is 4.3%. It incorporates calcium 506 mg/100 g, potassium 604 mg/100 g, magnesium 232 mg/100 g, phosphorus 63 mg/100 g. The focus of iron in it’s 17.72 mg/100 g, zinc 0.57 mg/100 g, copper 0.16 mg/100 g. It incorporates ascorbic acid 49 mg/100 g, thiamine 0.10 mg/100 g. Whole-carotene is 17.93 mg/100 g and carotene is 3.36 mg/100 g.
It is usually often known as wild jute in English and Razan in India.
Leaves with broad stalks and smooth stems are consumed as a vegetable. It performs an essential position in human food plan because it has the flexibility to provide protein, power, minerals and nutritional vitamins. This plant is of specific significance within the human food plan of Asia and Africa as they are often simply grown in harsh atmosphere and are fairly straightforward to domesticate. Corchorus olitorius leaves include 18.38% ash, 12.54% crude protein, 11.99% crude lipid and 19.56% obtainable carbohydrate. The excessive power worth of leaves is 200.78 kcal/100 respectively. Potassium 2814.15 mg/100 g, Magnesium 76.69 mg/100 g, Sodium 54.56 mg/100 g, Calcium 30.55 mg/100 g, Phosphorus 6.68 mg/100 g, Copper 2.52 mg/100 g, Iron 19.53 mg/100 g in leaves , magnesium is 5.95 mg/100 g and zinc is 4.71 mg/100 g. The leaves of Corchorus olitorius are wealthy sources of potassium, iron, copper, manganese and zinc in addition to have excessive power worth important in human and animal vitamin. Its leaves are sticky, so animals eat them with nice fervor. This plant grows in Kharif firstly of the wet season and produces seeds on the finish of Kharif.
It is usually often known as Crimson amaranth in English and Rajgira in India.
Amaranthus cruentus is a tall annual herbaceous plant bearing clusters of darkish pink flowers. The peak of the plant is excessive. It’s believed to have originated from Amaranthus hybridus. This plant is often inexperienced in coloration however generally it’s also purple in coloration. Its seeds are eaten as a grain, and the leaves might be eaten cooked like spinach, and the seeds might be sprouted to make nutritious sprouts.
It is usually often known as small amaranth in English and choti Cholai in India.
It’s an annual herbaceous plant with an erect, gentle inexperienced stem that grows to a top of about 60–80 cm. Many branches emerge from the bottom and the leaves are oval, 3–6 cm lengthy, 2–4 cm broad, with petioles about 5 cm lengthy. The plant has inflorescences with few branches. It’s eaten boiled inexperienced or as a vegetable in lots of components of the world.
It is usually often known as spiny amaranth in English and kantili cholai in India.
Its plant is wealthy in protein and its leaves are juicy and the stem is smooth. It’s thought of one of many few multipurpose pseudo-cereal crops that present a considerable amount of excessive nutritive seeds. It’s a wealthy supply of protein, beta-carotene, nutritional vitamins, minerals, and dietary fiber. Amaranth starch is promisingly utilized by its excessive solubility and digestibility in comparison with wheat, rice and oats and its seeds are gluten free and include 30% extra protein with the total set of amino acids.
This kind of plant can be utilized as a standard vegetable crop sooner or later as a result of virtually all of the properties of greens are present in them and extra analysis is required to undertake these vegetation as greens.
Writer: Pawan kumar Mahour, ICAR- Central Sheep and Wool Analysis Institute, Avikanagar